The DOCG (Denominazione di Origine Controllata e Garantita, traditional term registered in the UE corresponding to a category of Protected Geographical Indication) is an appellation which is only given to high standard wines that are produced in a specific region and meet strict requirements.
The Prosecco DOCG Conegliano Valdobbiadene Superiore is the historical area where Glera grapes have been grown for centuries. It is located about 50 km from Venice and 60 km from the Dolomites. Includes only fifteen hilly districts. The total area under vine is 4.800 Ha (pic below).
The classification was introduced in 2009 and its “Superiore” value comes as a result of several factors combined: unique terroir (only manual harvest allowed), climate and long tradition of small producers.
The sensory and organoleptic characteristics of Prosecco DOCG Conegliano – Valdobbiadene are well known: aromas of fruit, especially apple, pear and banana, floral scents such as hawthorn, acacia, rose and wisteria; medium alcohol and refreshing acidity.
When the historical area was elevated to DOCG, it was decided to extend under the appellation of DOC (Denominazione di Origine Controllata) the area where prosecco can be produced. Prosecco DOC includes Veneto provinces of Treviso, Belluno, Venice, Padua and Vicenza together with all the provinces of Friuli Venezia Giulia. The producer is allowed to specify the province of origin on the label. For example Prosecco DOC Treviso, if the wine is produced in the province of Treviso.
Outside of this area the use of word “prosecco” on the label is not allowed.